from rna_tools.Seq import RNASequence
from rna_tools.rna_tools_config import RFAM_DB_PATH
Rfam is a collection of multiple sequence alignments and covariance models representing non-coding RNA families. Rfam is available on the web http://rfam.xfam.org/. The website allow the user to search a query sequence against a library of covariance models, and view multiple sequence alignments and family annotation. The database can also be downloaded in flatfile form and searched locally using the INFERNAL package (http://infernal.wustl.edu/). The first release of Rfam (1.0) contains 25 families, which annotate over 50 000 non-coding RNA genes in the taxonomic divisions of the EMBL nucleotide database.
Infernal ("INFERence of RNA ALignment") is for searching DNA sequence databases for RNA structure and sequence similarities. It is an implementation of a special case of profile stochastic context-free grammars called covariance models (CMs). A CM is like a sequence profile, but it scores a combination of sequence consensus and RNA secondary structure consensus, so in many cases, it is more capable of identifying RNA homologs that conserve their secondary structure more than their primary sequence.
Infernal `cmscan` is used to search the CM-format Rfam database.
- download the database from ftp://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/Rfam/CURRENT (file: Rfam.cm.gz, ~30mb)
- install http://eddylab.org/infernal/
- set up ``RFAM_DB_PATH`` in the config file of rna-tools.
- compress Rfam.cm
Example of compressing the database::
$ cmpress Rfam.cm
Pressed and indexed 3016 CMs and p7 HMM filters (3016 names and 3016 accessions).
Covariance models and p7 filters pressed into binary file: Rfam.cm.i1m
SSI index for binary covariance model file: Rfam.cm.i1i
Optimized p7 filter profiles (MSV part) pressed into: Rfam.cm.i1f
Optimized p7 filter profiles (remainder) pressed into: Rfam.cm.i1p
Cite: Nawrocki and S. R. Eddy, Infernal 1.1: 100-fold faster RNA homology searches, Bioinformatics 29:2933-2935 (2013). """ # noqa
if __name__ == '__main__':
seq = RNASequence("GGCGCGGCACCGUCCGCGGAACAAACGG")
rs = RfamSearch()
hit = rs.cmscan(seq)
[docs] def cmscan(self, seq, verbose=False):
"""Run cmscan on the seq.
>>> seq = RNASequence("GGCGCGGCACCGUCCGCGGAACAAACGG")
>>> rs = RfamSearch()
>>> hit = rs.cmscan(seq)
>>> print(hit) #doctest: +ELLIPSIS
# cmscan :: search sequence(s) against a CM database...
:param seq: string
:rtype: string """
# make tmp file
tf = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(delete=False)
tf.name += '.fa'
with open(tf.name, 'w') as f:
f.write(seq.seq + '\n')
# make output file
of = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(delete=False)
# run cmscan
cmd = 'cmscan -E 1 ' + RFAM_DB_PATH + ' ' + tf.name + ' > ' + of.name
o = subprocess.Popen(
cmd, shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
# out = o.stdout.read().strip()
err = o.stderr.read().strip()
self.output = open(of.name).read()